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30/04/ · Using the letters and diaries of the men and women who were there, this documentary tells the story of the East India Company, which revolutionized the British lifestyle, sparked a new age of speculation and profit and by accident created one of the most powerful empires in history. Yet inexorable rise ended in ignominy.7,4/10(79). 30/11/ · Using the letters and diaries of the men and women who were there, this documentary tells the story of the East India Company, which revolutionised the British lifestyle, sparked a new age of. 02/08/ · Over the next years, their tiny business grew into a commercial titan. Using the letters and diaries of the men and women who were there, this documentary tells the story of the East India Company, which sparked a new age of speculation and profit and by accident created one of the most powerful empires in history. 25/05/ · Watch The Birth of Empire – The East India Company Episode 2 – scott kilgour on DailymotionReleased on: May 24,

Teacher of 25 years, History AST, HoD and Hums. Please visit my website to see my current curriculum provision www. The Birth of Empire – The East India Company Episode 2 Worksheet to support the BBC Documentary presented by Dan Snow. Written to support the Edexcel A level: Gaining and Losing an Empire By the East India Company had grown from a tiny band of merchants into a colossal trading empire. But scandal and corruption in the 18th century had led to a curtailment of its powers by the British government.

The company was transformed from a trading enterprise into the rulers of India, and governed vast swathes of the subcontinent on behalf of the British Crown. Its territory expanded enormously and an empire was born. As the company traded opium to a reluctant Chinese Empire, in India a dangerous chasm opened up between the British rulers and the Indian people. Your rating is required to reflect your happiness. It’s good to leave some feedback.

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Dan Snow travels through India in the footsteps of the company that revolutionised the British lifestyle and laid the foundations of today’s global trading systems. All previous episodes. Over the next years, their tiny business grew into a commercial titan. Using the letters and diaries of the men and women who were there, this documentary tells the story of the East India Company, which revolutionised the British lifestyle, sparked a new age of speculation and profit and by accident created one of the most powerful empires in history.

Yet inexorable rise ended in ignominy. Dogged by allegations of greed, corruption and corporate excess, by the s the company’s reputation was in tatters. Blamed for turning its back as millions died in the Bengal famine, and thrown into crisis by a credit crunch in Britain, the world’s most powerful company had run out of cash, sparking a government intervention and curtailment of its powers. The state now controlled the company’s affairs in India and, throughout the 19th century, would chip away at its remaining powers and trading privileges.

The company was transformed from a trading enterprise into the rulers of India, and governed vast swathes of the subcontinent on behalf of the British Crown. Its territory expanded enormously and an empire was born.

east india trading company documentary

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We place some essential cookies on your device to make this website work. We’d like to use additional cookies to remember your settings and understand how you use our services. This information will help us make improvements to the website. Legal and other formal documents relating mainly to the rights and privileges of the East India Company.

When in Dr George Birdwood was appointed Curator of the Indian Museum, he was given a box of documents for the museum’s collection. The box had been discovered by Sir John Kaye, Secretary to the Political Department, while clearing out his office on retirement; in it were forty parchments. Recognising them as core records of the East India Company, Birdwood arranged for their cataloguing by Noel Sainsbury of the Public Record Office.

Sainsbury’s work was well-known to the Company as he had catalogued many of its early records. Birdwood was keen to publicise the records‘ discovery and presented a paper, ‚Some Documents recently discovered in the India Office‘, to the Royal Society of Literature. Sainsbury’s catalogue appeared as an appendix to Birdwood’s Report on the Old Records of the India Office London, Between and several more core documents were transferred to the collection of ‚parchment records‘, as they were known, from the India Office Library.

Some were new discoveries, having been found in cases that had remained unpacked since the removal of all the records in from the Company’s headquarters in Leadenhall Street. Further related records were discovered in the Accountant General’s office.

east india trading company documentary

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He was in a good position to judge. Hodges was one of the first British professional landscape painters to visit India, spending six years there under the patronage of Warren Hastings, the most important British official in the subcontinent. As well as painting portraits and creating other works for Hastings, Hodges undertook extensive travels throughout India. And all of these experiences were documented in sketches and drawings, many of which were later worked up into finished oil paintings or published as prints.

In matters of trade and war, the Indian subcontinent had assumed an increasingly important role in British political and economic life in the second half of the eighteenth century. This relationship between Britain and India was complex and had its roots in the activities of a London-based trading company.

And its influence was felt not just in Asia. Ultimately, it helped to lay the foundations of the British Raj. If the American colonies and Caribbean islands had once captured the British imagination, the commercial possibilities offered by the Indian subcontinent increasingly occupied British politicians, merchants and travellers as the eighteenth century neared its end. Even by , thousands of Englishmen had been to India, a huge flow of trade had developed including the import of artefacts of high artistic quality , many books about India had been published in Britain and visual representations of India and Indians were being widely reproduced.

Images played a crucial part in this process. Indeed, these artists helped to document and celebrate the richness and sophistication of Indian culture that later 19th-century views often denied. Artists contributed to the work of intellectual engagement with India, offering a parallel to activities in other disciplines such as cartography, comparative linguistics and topographical surveying.

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The British merchants who began trading with Asia in the late s found a sophisticated and thriving trading community. Goods were manufactured and traded on a scale never seen in Europe, and Britain discovered a wealth of products imported from these lands including silks, porcelain, tea, herbs and spices, wallpaper, and furniture. The East India Company was founded in to consolidate and exploit these markets, and over its history grew from a loose association of Elizabethan tradesmen into ‚the grandest society of merchants in the universe.

Without it there would have been no British India and no British Empire. This highly illustrated new book examines the history of trading with Asia, drawing on the extensive collections of The British Library, the prime holder of the documentary legacy of the East India Company. The book shows the human cost of creating this early ‚global market‘ and how the British trading companies‘ activities displayed some of the worst aspects of colonialism.

On the positive side, the book presents the importance of Asia in the making of Europe, celebrates the cultural exchange which took place through trade in Asia, and examines the continuing influence of Asian culture on British life today. Trading Places : The East India Company and Asia Anthony Farrington. He has written several important historical reference books, including The English Factory in Japan. Trading Places: The East India Company and Asia British Library.

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BBC1 period drama Taboo features historical trading body the East India Company as some combination of super-corporation, spy agency and government — and the history of the real company is even more colourful. The East India company as depicted in Taboo. Shortly after the defeat of the Spanish Armada in , various merchants sought permission from Queen Elizabeth I to sail the Indian Ocean towards the East Indies; after gaining approval, the first ships set sail.

The government owned no shares in the East India Company which was instead owned by wealthy merchants and aristocrats and thus had limited control of their operations. This relationship continued through the rules of the Stuarts and Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell, while the restoration of the monarchy brought even more power to the company after new acts passed by Charles II around Said acts gave the East India Company the right to seize land for themselves, to mint money, form alliances, make war or peace , exercise civil and criminal jurisdiction over areas they controlled and to command fortresses and troops.

Initially they only had a few hundred soldiers as guards, but over the next years their troops grew to 67, men, mostly Indian troops trained in European techniques. By the s the company had established powerful political influence in Great Britain through their lobbying arm, and had effectively established a trade monopoly after absorbing or outmatching their rivals.

As the industrial revolution arrived and the demand for Indian commodities rose, their power and influence only grew. Perhaps most notably, the company effectively ruled India with its own private armies and administrations for around a hundred years from , until the British Crown seized control in the midth century. Other significant incidents include the Opium Wars in the midth century, based around Anglo-Chinese disputes over British trade and Chinese sovereignty.

Despite their boldness and brutality in governing, it became clear in later years that the company was not capable of ruling the various territories that it had captured over the years, while trade slumps in Europe led the company to appeal to Parliament for financial aid. The company limped on for a few years as a shell of its former self to manage the tea trade for the government, before being formally dissolved at the start of While the original company no longer exists, its name and some of its accoutrements including its iconic logo have been adopted by a retail company, which sells food and lifestyle products and is somewhat ironically run by Indian businessman Sanjiv Mehta pictured.

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University of Leeds provides funding as a founding partner of The Conversation UK. The East India Company EIC was certainly both economically and politically powerful in early 19th-century Britain. They were wrong. The slow encroachment of the East India Company on Indian land, resources and political authority continued unabated until it was violently cut short by the Indian Uprising of The EIC is positioned as an all-powerful antagonist, but the subcontinent from which it drew most of its wealth and power is alluded to only briefly, in vague references to a dispute between it and the Crown over Bombay.

In , when the slave voyage that forms a narrative cornerstone of Taboo is supposed to have taken place, the slave trade was still legal. So the ill-fated voyage of the Cornwallis is presented not as a breach of national law, but of East India Company policy. Presumably, this is to get around the fact that the EIC was not involved in the transatlantic trade in this period.

The last known voyage of an EIC slave vessel left Cabinda in Angola in , nearly 50 years before the action in Taboo. That human cargo was headed for Bengkulu in Indonesia, not the sugar plantations of the West Indies. The use of a supposed outbreak of cholera to cover up various illicit goings on in might be jarring given that the disease did not reach Britain until , but ultimately the anomaly does not detract from enjoyment of the drama.

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24/02/ · Taboo: the East India Company and the true horrors of empire February 24, am EST “When you left London the East India Company was a trading company,” Tom Hardy’s troubled anti-hero James Author: Andrea Major. 02/08/ · Dan Snow outlines the development of the East India Company, which grew from a trading enterprise to possess the powers of a small state. At the time, India was a collection of provincial states Estimated Reading Time: 2 mins.

One of the biggest, most dominant corporations in history operated long before the emergence of tech giants like Apple or Google or Amazon. The English East India Company was incorporated by royal charter on December 31, and went on to act as a part-trade organization, part-nation-state and reap vast profits from overseas trade with India, China, Persia and Indonesia for more than two centuries. Its business flooded England with affordable tea, cotton textiles and spices, and richly rewarded its London investors with returns as high as 30 percent.

It was essentially the de facto emperor of large portions of India, which was one of the most productive economies in the world at that point. At one point, this mega corporation commanded a private army of , soldiers, twice the size of the standing British army. That kind of manpower was more than enough to scare off the remaining competition, conquer territory and coerce Indian rulers into one-sided contracts that granted the Company lucrative taxation powers.

Without the East India Company, there would be no imperial British Raj in India in the 19th and 20th centuries. Officers of the British East India Company gathered in Founder’s Hall. The new English East India Company was a monopoly in the sense that no other British subjects could legally trade in that territory, but it faced stiff competition from the Spanish and Portuguese, who already had trading outposts in India, and also the Dutch East Indies Company, founded in England, like the rest of Western Europe, had an appetite for exotic Eastern goods like spices, textiles and jewelry.

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